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20 years after the assassination of Commander Massoud: Open letter to President Emmanuel Macron

9 September 2021 Expertises   16079  

Jean Marie Montali

Dear Mr. President,
Let’s not abandon Afghanistan again!
At the end of November 1998, three years before his trip to Europe, Commander Massoud, entrenched in northern Afghanistan, besieged on all sides by the Pakistan-backed Taliban, wrote me a long text.
Five pages in which he explained the dramatic situation in his country, the yoke that women were under, the danger that the Taliban represented for the whole world, the threat of Al-Qaeda, the urgency of helping it. He also denounced Pakistan’s role in the war. All these accusations and warnings were repeated, almost word for word, in April 2001 before the European Parliament.

“Once again, he wrote, the Afghan people are on the front line against terrorism, against drugs, against those who deny human rights”. On the front line, and alone: “World public opinion has forgotten us. I don’t understand. This war will soon be your war”.

Commander Massoud was not mistaken: from 1996 to 2001, the Taliban dictatorship was that of the most retrograde and barbaric religious fanaticism in the recent history of our poor world, which, however, has seen others. The Afghanistan of the Taliban was the kingdom of the absurd and the caliphate of murder.

We are told that the Taliban of today are – perhaps – not those of yesterday, that time has passed and men have changed.

It’s true, men have changed. But opposing the Taliban is not opposing people, it is opposing a religious fanaticism, which none of these new Taliban have renounced. Today, as in the past, the Taliban obey only this one doctrine that rejects everything we are, with our ideals of humanism and freedom.

We have paid the price of this rabid sectarianism. The price of blood, in Paris, in Nice, in Strasbourg, in Saint-Etienne-du Rouvray. In New York, in Madrid, in London, in Brussels, in Tunis. Elsewhere. Everywhere. No one is safe. We know this well, as the trial of the attacks of 13 November 2015 has begun in France. Massoud was right: this war is now our war.

Since August, the son of Commander Massoud has been entrenched in the Panshir valley, besieged on all sides by the Taliban. This should touch our French consciences. For in the past, we too, like him and like his father before him, were able to say no. No to the Occupation, no to the war. No to the Occupation, no to the arbitrary laws, no to the discrimination, no to the deportations, no to the roundups and shootings in the cesspools, no to the silence and the vegetative passivity, no to the defeat and the humiliation of heads bowed under raised arms. A resistance then embodied by General de Gaulle, for whom Commander Massoud had a deep admiration.

It is this “NO” that resounds today in the Panshir valley, carried by the young Ahmad Massoud, conscious of fighting for what his father finally left him: the taste of freedom. Freedom for all. And for all.

Mr President, the role of an observer is easy. He does not have to make decisions that are a burden on his soul. You do.

Of course, the conscience of an individual or a nation probably carries little weight in the face of the reason of state and commercial interests.

On the one hand, the weight of a few hundred thousand Afghan lives that nobody cares about. On the other, the weight of gold, gas, oil, copper, zinc, lithium, arms sales and trade contracts…

But is the greatness of a nation only measured in billions of euros or billions of dollars?

Are our ideals just dead ideas, as dead as the more than two million Afghans killed since 1979? Concepts empty of meaning, energy, ambition, electioneering gimmicks?

Were our 89 soldiers killed and our 700 wounded crushed for that, for nothing?

Will we abandon Ahmad Massoud as we abandoned his father?

Will we remain deaf to the immense distress of Afghans, deaf to the protests of Afghan women who are standing up to the Taliban throughout the country?

Will we let Pakistan enslave a country whose only fault is that it is its neighbour? Will we accept a government in Kabul in the pay of Islamabad?

The Taliban, as you know, as everyone knows, have nothing to do with Afghan culture and history. They are the Afghan mercenaries of Pakistan.

France is not a country like any other. It is an idea, a state of mind. It is a promise. Or rather a triple promise: of Liberty, of Equality, of Fraternity. Fraternity towards those who share our ideals. Ahmad Massoud is one of them.

You are the heir to this triple promise. I don’t know what it takes to honour it, but the answer may lie in this letter written in 1998 by Commander Massoud. He concluded with this:

And what the world can do to help us stop this human tragedy can be summed up in just two points:

  • emergency humanitarian aid to the Afghan people;
  • and press for an end to Pakistani interference.

I am sure that I am not betraying Ahmad Massoud by endorsing his father’s demands today. I am also sure that I am not betraying the ideals of France or the expectations of the vast majority of French people, by hoping that the distress calls of the Afghan people will be heard and that we will support the Resistance to the Taliban. I am sure I am not betraying anyone by saying that we should stop fighting the war for the Afghans, and that we should instead support, in one way or another, the Afghans who are fighting the gravediggers of freedom.

* journalist and essayist, managing editor of Global Watch Analysis.